Kidney stones, though might not sound much terrifying, are unbelievably painful. These are the hard accumulation of minerals in our body which cannot escape out mainly due to dehydration. These accumulations might vary in size, from a grain of sand to a golf ball!
These stones might escape your kidney and reach other parts like ureter, bladder, and increase your discomfort.
Getting proper kidney stones treatment is imperative to put back your life on a healthy track. There are many ways to treat these kidney stones, depending upon various factors.
Increasing The Intake Of Fluids
If your kidney stones are tiny, your doctor will recommend you to increase the intake of your liquids and water. When the level of your water intake decreases, minerals of your body which need to be flushed out, remain inside and get accumulated. Hence, increasing your water-level can help you treat your kidney stones at home.
For providing you relief from the pain, many patients are prescribed certain pain relievers. Alpha Blocker, is a medicine given to patients to pass kidney stones without undergoing much pain, by relaxing the ureter muscles.
Shock Wave Lithotripsy
If the kidney stones are large, they are first broken down into pieces and then made to pass out of the body.
Shock Wave Lithotripsy is a procedure under which shock waves are used to break down kidney stones. This is done under general anaesthesia. This may last for 45-50 minutes, and then the broken pieces of kidney stones can be quickly passed out during urination.
Another kidney stones treatment is ureteroscopy in which the doctor puts in a long tube-like instrument through the ureter to locate it and then either remove it or break it into little pieces. This whole technique also requires the patient to be under general anaesthesia.
Surgery To Remove Large Stones
Removing kidney stones is also possible through an operation called percutaneous nephrolithotomy. This is often considered the last step and suits the worst cases of all. The doctors recommend this surgery if all other treatments have failed. The surgeon marks a small incision on the backside of the body and inserts specific instruments and devices to remove the stones.
Parathyroid Gland Surgery
The parathyroid gland is located near Adam’s apple and is responsible for secreting parathyroid hormone. Sometimes, when this gland starts releasing hormone in abundance, then calcium phosphate stones are formed in the kidney. In such a case, the only way to get rid of these stones is to undergo parathyroid gland surgery wherein the doctor surgically treats the glands.
There are various treatments available for kidney stones, and there’s no need to jump to getting a surgery unless your doctor recommends you to. Increase the intake of your fluids, switch to healthy diets, and perform your kidney stones treatment at home!